Tổng hợp các bài viết về chủ đề Finance
Khi luyện thi IELTS chắc bạn cũng biết bài viết chủ đề Finance thường xuyên xuất hiện trong IELTS và các bài thi khác. Có thể nói rằng việc tìm hiểu trước các dạng đề tài thường gặp không những giúp bạn tiếp xúc với cách làm, lên ý tưởng mà còn giúp bạn tổng hợp những kiến thức căn bản để áp dụng vào bài làm. Vậy nên, trong bài này Jaxtina sẽ giới thiệu với các bạn tổng hợp các bài viết chủ đề Finance.
Nội dung bài viết
1. Bài viết 1
Today’s schools should teach their students how to survive financially in the world today. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
In schools, students learn to analyse literature, calculate using trigonometry and understand how photosynthesis works, but often students are inexperienced and helpless after graduation when encountering the real world. It is therefore argued that schools should teach their students how to survive financially in the world.
This topic is difficult though. Many educators believe that a school is supposed to teach students in subjects that they will most probably not encounter again post-graduation, so that teachers can develop open-minded and well-informed individuals. At the same time, it can be argued that schools should impart skills that would be applicable in everyday life. Mathematics, for example, is supposed to not only communicate actual mathematics skills, but also teach logic to students. However, schools are supposed to prepare the youths for their lives following high school. Currently, this goal is not fully met, as often students are unable to handle their finances sensibly and therefore can often face significant problems. Schools that teach students how to survive financially could change this.
This significant shift in the ideology of education is unlikely to take place soon, as the education system has been in place for too long to be easily changed. Also a change of this scale would be costly, as teachers would have to be trained and a syllabus for this potential subject would have to be created. However, in some countries, for example, Germany, a community subject is available in which politics and finances are discussed. This leaves students from Germany in a better situation to deal with finances in their lives.
In conclusion, training school students in financial matters would be very useful. Adding new content to the syllabus would require a significant amount of money, but the entire community would benefit from students being better prepared for adult life.
(Trích nguồn tham khảo bài viết: https://www.ielts-blog.com/ielts-writing-samples/ielts-essays-band-9/ielts-band-9-essay-topic-schools-should-teach-their-students-how-to-survive-financially-in-the-world-today-agree-disagree/)
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Cùng học các cụm từ hay trong đoạn văn trên nhé!
|STT||Từ vựng||Phiên âm||Nghĩa tiếng Việt|
|1||survive (v)||/səˈvaɪv/||tồn tại|
|2||encounter (v)||/ɪnˈkaʊn.tər/||gặp khó|
|3||open-minded (adj)||/ˌəʊ.pənˈmaɪn.dɪd/||cởi mở|
|4||well-informed (adj)||/ˌwel ɪnˈfɔːmd/||thông thạo|
Dựa vào bài đọc và cụm từ ở trên thì bạn sẽ viết câu “Học sinh trung học khi ra trường đã trang bị cho mình kiến thức và kĩ năng để quản lí tài chính cá nhân.” trong tiếng Anh như thế nào?
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2. Bài viết 2
World Bank Approves $12 Billion to Finance Coronavirus Vaccines
The World Bank has approved $12 billion in financing to help poor countries buy and give out coronavirus vaccines, tests and treatments. The aim is to support the vaccination of up to 1 billion people in the developing world.
The $12 billion in financing is part of a larger World Bank Group effort. It plans to spend up to $160 billion to help developing countries fight the COVID-19 pandemic (the bank said in a statement on Tuesday).
The World Bank said its COVID-19 emergency programs are already reaching 111 countries.
People in developing countries need safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines, it said.
The World Bank is “fast-tracking” its delivery systems so that poorer nations “have fair and equal access to vaccines,” said the bank’s president, David Malpass. He added that fair and equal access was important to defeat the pandemic and to “help countries experiencing catastrophic economic and fiscal impacts.”
The International Finance Corporation is the agency of the World Bank that provides loans to private businesses. It is giving money to vaccine manufacturers through a $4 billion Global Health Platform, the bank said. Researchers are working on creating more than 170 possible COVID-19 vaccines.
The disease has killed more than 1 million people and sickened more than 38 million. It has also weakened many economies and left many people out of work.
The world’s richest countries have already bought up most of the world’s possible COVID-19 vaccine supply through 2021. This has made health experts concerned that poorer countries will not be able to get the vaccine.
The World Bank said it will use expertise and experience from its involvement in many large immunization programs worldwide and other public health efforts. The financing also is meant to help countries get medical tests and treatments and to support the direction of logistics for vaccinations in the developing world.
(Trích nguồn tin: https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/world-bank-approves-12-billion-to-finance-coronavirus-vaccines-care/5621354.html)
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Cùng học từ vựng mới trong đoạn tin trên nhé!
|STT||Từ vựng||Phiên âm||Nghĩa tiếng Việt|
|1||pandemic (n)||/pænˈdem.ɪk/||đại dịch|
|2||delivery (n)||/dɪˈlɪv.ər.i/||sự phân phối|
|3||access (n)||/ˈæk.ses/||sự tiếp cận|
|4||catastrophic (n)||/kəˈtæs.trə.fic/||thảm họa, tai họa lớn|
|5||fiscal (adj)||/ˈfɪs.kəl/||tài chính|
|6||immunization (n)||/ɪˈmjuːnɪˈzeɪ.ʃən/||sự tạo miễn dịch, sự tiêm chủng|
|7||logistics (n)||/ləˈdʒɪs.tɪks/||hậu cần|
Dựa vào bài đọc và cụm từ ở trên thì câu “Đại dịch covid 19 có ảnh hưởng to lớn đến nền kinh tế của nhiều quốc gia.” sẽ được viết như thế nào trong tiếng Anh?
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3. Bài viết 3
What Happens When Women Run the Economy?
Women now have many of the jobs controlling the world’s largest economy. And they are trying to fix it.
Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, and U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai hold top positions in President Joe Biden’s administration. Many of his economic advisers also are women.
This change may already be affecting economic policy. A new $2.3 trillion spending plan was introduced by Biden last week. It includes $400 billion to finance the “care economy,” which supports home- and community-based jobs taking care of children and older people.
Biden’s spending plan also includes hundreds of billions of dollars more to fix racial inequalities, as well as inequalities between rural Americans and those living in cities.
“In the end, it might be that this bill makes 80 years of history: it begins to fix the structural problems,” Yellen wrote on Twitter. She added: “This is just the start for us.”
Some experts say women leaders can bring a new way of examining economic policy.
“When you’re different from the rest of the group, you often see things differently,” said Rebecca Henderson. She is a professor at Harvard Business School and published a book called Reimagining Capitalism in a World on Fire.
“We’re in a moment of enormous crisis. We need new ways of thinking,” Henderson added.
Over the past 50 years, many women have been presidents or prime ministers of their countries. Few women, however, have been in positions to make powerful decisions about the economy.
Outside the United States, Christine Lagarde runs the European Central Bank with its 2.4 trillion euro balance sheet. Kristalina Georgieva is at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), while Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala leads the World Trade Organization. Ten years ago, all those jobs were held by men.
The limited measures available suggest that women have a better record of managing through crises.
“When women are involved, the evidence is very clear: communities are better, economies are better, the world is better,” Georgieva said in January. She was speaking about research done by the IMF and other economic organizations.
Women make up less than 2 percent of chief executive officers at financial companies and agencies and less than 20 percent of executive board members. However, IMF research shows that having women in charge often helps keep financial organizations out of the crisis.
It is also important to note that the worldwide recession from the coronavirus pandemic has affected women much harder than men.
Women make up 39 percent of workers worldwide, but they accounted for 54 percent of overall job losses, a recent study by McKinsey showed. Bringing these women back to work could increase gross domestic product (GDP) in many nations by up to 27 percent.
(Trích nguồn: https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/what-happens-when-women-run-the-economy-/5843257.html)
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Cùng học từ vựng qua đoạn tin trên nhé!
|STT||Từ vựng||Phiên âm||Nghĩa tiếng Việt|
|1||economy (n)||/iˈkɒn.ə.mi/||kinh tế|
|2||economic policy (n.p)||/iː.kəˈnɒm.ɪk ˈpɒl.ə.si/||chính sách kinh tế|
|3||enormous (adj)||/ɪˈnɔː.məs/||khổng lồ, to lớn|
|4||managing (v)||/ˈmæn.ɪdʒ/||quản lý|
|5||chief executive officers (n.p)||ˌtʃiːf ɪɡˌzek.jʊ.tɪv ˈɒf.ɪ.sər/||giám đốc điều hành|
|6||executive board members (n.p)||/ɪɡˈzek.jə.tɪv/ bɔːd ˈmem.bər/||thành viên ban điều hành|
|7||financial companies (n.p)||/ˈfaɪ.næns ʃəl ˈkʌm.pə.ni/||cơ quan tài chính|
|8||gross domestic product (n.p)||/ˌɡrəʊs dəˌmes.tɪk ˈprɒd.ʌkt/||tổng sản phẩm quốc nội (GDP)|
|9||recession (n)||/rɪˈseʃ.ən/||sự suy thoái|
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Trên đây là tổng hợp những bài viết liên quan đến chủ đề Finance. Jaxtina hi vọng bạn sẽ thấy kiến thức học từ bài này bổ ích và ngày càng chăm chỉ luyện tập tiếng Anh. Bạn nên chuẩn bị trước cho bản thân những chủ đề quen thuộc để khi gặp những chủ đề đó trong bài kiểm tra bạn không phải hoang mang. Nếu bạn còn nhiều thắc mắc liên quan đến việc học tiếng Anh thì bạn đừng ngần ngại, hãy liên hệ trực tiếp với Jaxtina để được các chuyên gia của chúng mình giải đáp nhé!
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